The sport originated in the 19 th century (around 1850 ) at Harrow Private School in London , England . The students of the school, waiting to use the tennis courts, began to hit one of the walls of the building with their rackets, and that’s how squash was created. The first squash court was created in 1883 in Oxford .
Gradually, the sport developed in schools and universities, and does not become popular until the beginning of the XX th century. The United States was the first nation to form an association and codify this game in 1907 (now called Hardball Squash ); at the same time, the English Federation of Tennis and Rackets form a squash subcommittee to manage the sport.
The rules will be adopted in 1924 and in 1928 was created the English Squash Association which took over the management of this sport. Today, this sport is managed by the World Squash Federation , professional men’s squash by PSA and professional women’s squash by WISPA .
In 1930 was created the most prestigious tournament: the British Open . It has been fighting every year since 1930 for men, and since 1950 for women.
Squash continues to grow in the aristocracy and high class until the 1950s , but the game will really take off from the construction of short public (through marketing operations) and becomes the sport the most popular in the early 1980s in England , at the same time squash also developed very quickly in the former English colonies ( Pakistan , Canada , Australia …), with proof that this sport was dominated for twenty years by two Pakistani : Jahangir Khan and Jansher Khan , it will be necessary to wait until 2004for a non – citizen of England or former English colonies to reach the first world rank among men:
A match is played in 3 winning games.
Counting for boys: plays at 11 points where all points count
Counting for girls:
Before 2009, a game is played in 9 points. You have to have the service to take the point. At 8-8 we used the same rule as below. Since January 2009, the games are played in 11 points where all points count.
For juniors, each game is played in 9 points, unless the score reaches 8 to 8. In this case, the receiver chooses to play the game in 9 or 10 points, announcing clearly this intention.
The period between the moment a player becomes a server and the moment when he becomes a receiver is called a hand .
For the professionals, each game is played in 11 direct points, that is to say that all the points count. You do not have to be the server to score a point. If there is a tie between 10 and 10, it takes 2 points of difference 13 to 11 for example or 17 to 15.
The balls above the lines that run along the wall above are faults.
The squash service, whether in competition or leisure, is rarely a winning point. “Aces” are very rare. The objective of the service is to put the adversary in difficulty, often by sending the ball to die in the other corner, without it coming out of the wall.
Since the summer of 2005 , the rules in national competition have changed in France. Always three winning games for the win of the match, but now for men, direct points (American style) are marked: we collect points still serving, but if the opponent resumes service, he takes over the service more point.
A game is now in eleven points, but you need two points of difference (ex: 12/10 or 11/9 or, for very tight games, 34/32 etc.). The average duration of a match scheduled by tournament referee judges is increased from approximately 40 minutes with the old system to approximately 30 minutes.
With this system, the error is no longer forgiven: at each exchange, it is a point that is at stake. It is therefore no longer possible to use a significant advantage to relax and recover. This evolution is somehow passing the XXI th century: the old rules reflect more the heyday end of XIX th and XX th century. Nevertheless, for the practice in leisure, one can use the old rules which offer another vision of the game.
A setback to squash
Each exchange begins with a service (the first server of the game is drawn).
At the beginning of each game and each change of service, the server must choose its service square, and alternatively use the two service squares for each service.
Correct service involves sending the ball with the racket against the front wall above the service line, with one foot inside the boundaries of the service rack. Part of the foot on the line of the service square is a fault.
After bouncing off the wall above the service line, the ball will have to bounce off the ground in the quarter-court opposite the service square unless it is volleyed by the receiver. Between the rebound on the wall above the service line and the rebound on the ground in the quarter-court opposite the service square, the ball may bounce off one of the walls.
Players alternately kick the ball against the front wall until one of them is unable to do so. His opponent is then considered the winner of the exchange.
An incorrect service is equivalent to the exchange gain for the receiver.
An incorrect referral is equivalent to winning the exchange for the opponent.
If the ball heading towards the main wall hits the opponent, also the returner wins the rally (English: stroke ). However, if the ball bouncing off a side wall and heading towards the front wall touches the opponent, the point is replayed (English: let ) only if the thrower believes his ball could reach the main wall. It may happen that the point is given to the player having played the last ball before the foul if the referee considers that it had the gain of the point or a considerable advantage on the return.
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